Skip to main content

Research Group Haimberger

Research Topic

Changes in coupled polar energy and water budgets

Research Interest

While everyone can observe the dramatic warming of the polar region, we feel it is important to quantify also the changes in the energy and water budgets in this region. The warming is the result of a complex interplay between changing global transports in both atmosphere and ocean as well as between changes of the surface properties in the polar region. Due to the reduced ice and snow extent, the surface albedo as well as the planetary albedo are decreasing, which leads to further warming. The decreased sea ice extent leads to enhanced energy exchange between ocean and atmosphere. The increased melting of ice sheets as well as sea ice leads to lower salinity of the polar surface waters, which may influence both susceptibility to freezing and also the large scale oceanic transports. Vastly improved reanalyses of atmosphere, ocean and land surface have recently become available, which allow more advanced energy budget diagnostics, which in turn can help understand the physics of polar climate change as well as validate climate models.

Dr. Leopold Haimberger

Department of Meteorology and Geophysics, University of Vienna



  • Michael Mayer (Dr.), Senior Postdoctoral researcher (University of Vienna)
  • Johannes Mayer (BSc, BSc, MSc), PhD student (University of Vienna)
  • Susanna Winkelbauer (MSc), PhD student (University of Vienna)

Michael Mayer (Dr.)


Johannes Mayer (BSc, BSc, MSc)


Susanna Winkelbauer (MSc)

Selected Publications

  • Mayer, M., Tietsche, S., Haimberger, L., Tsubouchi, T., Mayer, J., & Zuo, H. (2019). An improved estimate of the coupled Arctic energy budget. Journal of Climate, 32(22), 7915-7934.
  • Mayer, M., L. Haimberger, M. Pietschnig, and A. Storto (2016), Facets of Arctic energy accumulation based on observations and reanalyses 2000-2015, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL070557.
  • Young, P. J., Butler, A. H., Calvo, N., Haimberger, L., Kushner, P. J., Marsh, D. R., … & Rosenlof, K. H. (2013). Agreement in late twentieth century Southern Hemisphere stratospheric temperature trends in observations and CCMVal‐2, CMIP3, and CMIP5 models. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 118(2), 605-613.
  • Mayer, M. and Haimberger, L., 2012. Poleward Atmospheric Energy Transports and Their Variability as Evaluated from ECMWF Reanalysis Data, J. Climate, 25(2), pp.734–752.
  • A. Grant, Brönnimann, S. and Haimberger, L., 2008, Recent Arctic warming structure contested, Nature, doi: 10.1038/nature07257


  • 2020-2022 A consistent framework for quantifying global energy budgets (FWF P33177)
  • 2019-2021 Intercomparison And Ocean Indicators For The High Latitudes (Subcontractor on 114-R&D-GLORAN-CMEMS LOT 8)
  • 2018-2021 Copernicus Early Upper Air Data Service (C3S 311c Lot2)
  • 2016-2018: Variability and change of arctic energy and fresh water budgets (FWF P28818)
  • 2014-2018: Evaluation of Ocean Syntheses (ESSEM COST Action ES1402)
  • 2014-2016: EU-FP7 grant ERA-CLIM2
  • 2011-2013: EU 7FP grant ERA-CLIM